2003 – Doctor of Philosophy in History
University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana
1999 – M.A. in European History, University of Notre Dame.
1998 – M.A. in Theology, concentration in the History of Christianity, University of Notre Dame.
1990 – B.S. in Theology, Taylor University-Fort Wayne, Fort Wayne, Indiana; semesters of study in Brazil and the Dominican Republic.
1986 – Diploma, Sierra Leone, West Africa, from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Division of Continuing Studies Independent Study High School.